Google - Perspectives on Issues in AI Governance

A white paper of the practical things that they believe would make a demonstrable impact in helping to ensure the responsible use of AI.

Google has written a white paper of the practical things that they believe would make a demonstrable impact in helping to ensure the responsible use of AI.  

This white paper highlights five specific areas where concrete, context-specific guidance from governments and civil society would help to advance the legal and ethical development of AI:

Explainability standards
• Assemble a collection of best practice explanations along with commentary on their praiseworthy characteristics to provide practical inspiration.
• Provide guidelines for hypothetical use cases so industry can calibrate how to balance the benefits of using complex AI systems against the practical constraints that different standards of explainability impose.
• Describe minimum acceptable standards in different industry sectors and application contexts.

Fairness appraisal
• Articulate frameworks to balance competing goals and definitions of fairness.
• Clarify the relative prioritization of competing factors in some common hypothetical situations, even if this will likely differ across cultures and geographies. 

Safety considerations
• Outline basic workflows and standards of documentation for specific application contexts that are sufficient to show due diligence in carrying out safety checks.
• Establish safety certification marks to signify that a service has been assessed as passing specified 

Human-AI collaboration
• Determine contexts when decision-making should not be fully automated by an AI system, but rather would require a meaningful “human in the loop”.
• Assess different approaches to enabling human review and supervision of AI systems

Liability frameworks
• Evaluate potential weaknesses in existing liability rules and explore complementary rules for specific high-risk applications.
• Consider sector-specific safe harbor frameworks and liability caps in domains where there is a worry that liability laws may otherwise discourage societally beneficial innovation.
• Explore insurance alternatives for settings in which traditional liability rules are inadequate or unworkable.

Download the Whitepaper

Google states they do not have all the answers; and its is crucial for policy stakeholders worldwide to engage in the conversation. 

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